Die Wimbledon Championships waren das dritte von vier Grand-Slam- Turnieren der Saison, den am höchsten dotierten Tennisturnieren. Es fand vom 2 . Diese Liste enthält alle Finalisten im Herreneinzel bei den Lawn Tennis Championships. Roger Federer (–, , & ) hält mit 8 Siegen den. Als Wimbledon Championships (in der Kurzform auch Wimbledon) wird das älteste und prestigeträchtigste Tennisturnier der Welt bezeichnet. Ab Ende Juni.
Since , the championships have begun one week later than in previous years, extending the gap between the tournament and the French Open from two to three weeks.
Both the men's and ladies' singles consist of players. Both tournaments have 8 wild card entrants, with the remainder in each made up of qualifiers.
Since the tournament, 32 players have been given seedings in the Gentlemen's and Ladies' singles, 16 teams in the doubles events. The system of seeding was introduced during the Wimbledon Championships.
This was a simplified version allowing countries to nominate four players who were placed in different quarters of the draw. This system was replaced for the Wimbledon Championships and from then on players were seeded on merit.
The first players to be seeded as no. The Committee of Management decide which players receive wildcards. Usually, wild cards are players who have performed well during previous tournaments or would stimulate public interest in Wimbledon by participating.
Players and pairs who neither have high enough rankings nor receive wild cards may participate in a qualifying tournament held one week before Wimbledon at the Bank of England Sports Ground in Roehampton.
The singles qualifying competitions are three-round events; the same-sex doubles competitions last for only one round. There is no qualifying tournament for Mixed Doubles.
The furthest that any qualifier has progressed in a Singles tournament is the semi-final round: Players are admitted to the junior tournaments upon the recommendations of their national tennis associations, on their International Tennis Federation world rankings and, in the case of the singles events, on the basis of a qualifying competition.
The Committee of Management determines which players may enter the four invitational events. The Committee seeds the top players and pairs on the basis of their rankings, but it can change the seedings based on a player's previous grass court performance.
Since a seeding committee has not been required for the Gentlemen's Singles following an agreement with the ATP. While the seeds are still the top 32 players according to rankings, the seeding order is determined using the formula: Only two unseeded players have won the Gentlemen's Singles: In , the title was won by Richard Krajicek , who was originally unseeded ranked 17th, and only 16 players were seeded but was promoted to a seeded position still with the number 17 when Thomas Muster withdrew before the tournament.
No unseeded player has captured the Ladies' Singles title; the lowest seeded female champion was Venus Williams , who won in as the 23rd seed; Williams was returning from an injury that had prevented her playing in previous tournaments, giving her a lower ranking than she would normally have had.
Unseeded pairs have won the doubles titles on numerous occasions; the Gentlemen's Doubles champions were not only unseeded, but also for the first time ever qualifiers.
The change was made to improve durability and strengthen the sward to better withstand the increasing wear of the modern game.
The main show courts, Centre Court and No. The remaining 17 courts are regularly used for other events hosted by the Club. The show courts were in action for the second time in three months in as Wimbledon hosted the tennis events of the Olympic Games.
One of the show courts is also used for home ties of the GB teams in the Davis Cup on occasions. Wimbledon is the only Grand Slam event played on grass courts.
At one time, all the Majors, except the French Open, were played on grass. The Church Road venue was larger and was needed to meet the ever-growing public demand.
Due to the possibility of rain during Wimbledon, a retractable roof was installed prior to the Championship.
The first full match played and completed under the roof featured Andy Murray and Stan Wawrinka , played on the same date.
The court has a capacity of 15, At its south end is the Royal Box, from which members of the Royal Family and other dignitaries watch matches.
Centre Court usually hosts the finals and semifinals of the main events, as well as many matches in the earlier rounds involving top-seeded players or local favourites.
The second most important court is No. The court was constructed in to replace the old No. The court was said to have had a unique, more intimate atmosphere and was a favourite of many players.
Construction on a new retractable roof on the No. The capacity of the stadium is also set to rise by taking the total capacity up to 12, From , a new No.
To obtain planning permission , the playing surface is around 3. In a new No. Because of the summer climate in southern England, Wimbledon employs 'Court Attendants' each year, who work to maintain court conditions.
Their principal responsibility is to ensure that the courts are quickly covered when it begins to rain, so that play can resume as quickly as possible once the referees decide to uncover the courts.
The court attendants are mainly university students working to make summer money. Centre Court is covered by full-time groundstaff, however.
At the northern end of the grounds is a giant television screen on which important matches are broadcast.
Fans watch from an area of grass officially known as the Aorangi Terrace. When British players do well at Wimbledon, the hill attracts fans for them, and is often renamed after them by the press: As both of them have now retired and Andy Murray is the number 1 British player, the hill is occasionally referred to as "Murray Mound" or " Murrayfield ", as a reference to his Scottish heritage and the Scottish rugby ground of the same name, but this has largely failed to catch on — the area is still usually referred to as Henman Hill.
None of these nicknames are official. The qualifying matches, prior to the main draw, take place at the Bank of England Sports Ground, in Roehampton , 3.
Social commentator Ellis Cashmore describes Wimbledon as having "a David Niven -ish propriety", conforming to the standards of behaviour common in the s.
Writer Peter York sees the event as representing a particular white and affluent type of Britishness, describing the area of Wimbledon as "a southern, well off, late-Victorian suburb with a particular social character".
Cashmore has criticised the event for being "remote and insulated" from the changing multicultural character of modern Britain, describing it as "nobody's idea of all-things-British".
In the championship games, ball boys and girls, known as BBGs, play a crucial role in the smooth running of the tournament, with a brief that a good BBG "should not be seen.
They should blend into the background and get on with their jobs quietly. From ball boys were supplied by Goldings,  the only Barnardos school to provide them.
Prior to this, from the s onwards, the ball boys had been provided by The Shaftesbury Children's Home. Since , BBGs have been provided by local schools.
As of they are drawn from schools in the London boroughs of Merton , Sutton , Kingston , and Wandsworth , as well as from Surrey.
This was possibly owing to their proximity to the club. BBGs have an average age of 15, being drawn from the school years nine and ten.
Starting in , BBGs work in teams of six, two at the net, four at the corners, and teams rotate one hour on court, one hour off, two hours depending on the court for the day's play.
With the expansion of the number of courts, and lengthening the tennis day, as of , the number of BBGs required is around Each BBG receives a certificate, a can of used balls, a group photograph and a programme when leaving.
Every BBG keeps all of their kit, typically consisting of three or four shirts, two or three shorts or skorts , track suit bottoms and top, twelve pairs of socks, three pairs of wristbands, a hat, water bottle holder, bag and trainers.
Along with this it is seen as a privilege, and seen as a valuable addition to a school leaver's curriculum vitae , showing discipline. BBG places are split Prospective BBGs are first nominated by their school headteacher , to be considered for selection.
To be selected, a candidate must pass written tests on the rules of tennis, and pass fitness, mobility and other suitability tests, against initial preliminary instruction material.
Successful candidates then commence a training phase, starting in February, in which the final BBGs are chosen through continual assessment.
As of , this training intake was The training includes weekly sessions of physical, procedural and theoretical instruction, to ensure that the BBGs are fast, alert, self-confident and adaptable to situations.
As of , early training occurs at the Wimbledon All England Lawn Tennis Club Covered Courts, to the side of the Grounds, and then moves to outside courts 8, 9, 10 the week before the Championships for a feel of the grass court.
Dark green and purple are the traditional Wimbledon colours. However, all tennis players participating in the tournament are required to wear all-white or at least almost all-white clothing, a long-time tradition at Wimbledon.
Controversy followed Martina Navratilova 's wearing branding for "Kim" cigarettes in Green clothing was worn by the chair umpire, linesmen, ball boys and ball girls until the Championships; however, beginning with the Championships, officials, ball boys and ball girls were dressed in new navy blue- and cream-coloured uniforms from American designer Ralph Lauren.
This marked the first time in the history of the Championships that an outside company was used to design Wimbledon clothing; the contract with Polo Ralph Lauren ended in By tradition, the "Men's" and "Women's" competitions are referred to as "Gentlemen's" and "Ladies'" competitions at Wimbledon.
The junior competitions are referred to as the "Boys'" and "Girls'" competitions. Prior to female players were referred to by the title "Miss" or "Mrs" on scoreboards.
As dictated by strict rule of etiquette, married female players are referred to by their husbands' names: Lloyd" during her marriage to John Lloyd , since "Mrs.
X" essentially designates the wife of X. This tradition has continued at least to some extent. The title "Mr" is not used for male players who are professionals on scoreboards but the prefix is retained for amateurs, although chair umpires refer to players as "Mr" when they use the replay challenge.
If a match is being played with two competitors of the same surname e. Venus and Serena Williams, Bob and Mike Bryan , the chair umpire will specify to whom they are referring by stating the player's first name and surname during announcements e.
Previously, players bowed or curtsied to members of the royal family seated in the Royal Box upon entering or leaving Centre Court.
Now, players are required to bow or curtsy only if The Prince of Wales , or The Queen is present,  as was in practice during the Championships when the Queen was in attendance at Wimbledon on 24 June.
Prior to the Second World War, members of the Brigade of Guards and retired members of the Royal Artillery performed the role of stewards.
In the AELTC offered employment to wartime servicemen returning to civilian life during their demobilisation leave.
In London Fire Brigade members joined the ranks of stewards. The AELTC pays a subsistence allowance to servicemen and women working as stewards to defray their accommodation costs for the period of the Championships.
The Service Stewards are not to be confused with the Honorary Stewards. The majority of centre and show court tickets sold to the general public have since been made available by a public ballot that the All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club holds at the start of the year.
Successful applicants are selected at random by a computer. Seats and days are allocated randomly and ballot tickets are not transferrable.
Fans who invest thus in the club receive a pair of tickets for every day of the Wimbledon Championships for the five years the investment lasts.
Wimbledon and the French Open are the only Grand Slam tournaments where fans without tickets for play can queue up and still get seats on the three show courts on the day of the match.
From , there is a single queue, allotted about seats for each court. When they join the queue, fans are handed queue cards.
To get access to the show courts, fans will normally have to queue overnight. The All-England Club allows overnight queuing and provides toilet and water facilities for campers.
Early in the morning when the line moves towards the Grounds, stewards walk along the line and hand out wristbands that are colour-coded to the specific court.
The wrist band and payment is exchanged at the ticket office for the ticket when the grounds open. General admission to the grounds gives access to the outer courts and is possible without queuing overnight.
Tickets returned by people leaving early go on sale at 2: Queuing for the show courts ends after the quarter finals have been completed. Wimbledon is notable for the longest running sponsorship in sports history due to its association with Slazenger who have supplied all tennis balls during the tournament since Until when its contract ended,  Radio Wimbledon could be heard within a five-mile radius on It operated under a Restricted Service Licence.
Presenters included Sam Lloyd and Ali Barton. Typically they worked alternate four-hour shifts until the end of the last match of the day.
Often they reported from the "Crow's Nest", an elevated building housing the Court 3 and 4 scoreboards which affords views of most of the outside courts.
Regular guests included Sue Mappin. In later years Radio Wimbledon acquired a second low-power FM frequency within the grounds only of Hourly news bulletins and travel using RDS were also broadcast.
Beginning with the tournament , an in-house operation known as Wimbledon Broadcasting Services WBS has served as the official host broadcaster of the tournament, replacing BBC Sport.
This can result in live matches being moved across all 3 channels. The BBC holds the broadcast rights for Wimbledon until One of the most notable British commentators was Dan Maskell , who was known as the BBC's "voice of tennis" until his retirement in John Barrett succeeded him in that role until he retired in The coverage is presented by Sue Barker live and Claire Balding highlights.
Highlights of the rest of the tournament must be provided by terrestrial stations; live coverage excepting the finals may be sought by satellite or cable TV.
The BBC was forced to apologise after many viewers complained about "over-talking" by its commentary team during the TV coverage of the event in It said in a statement that views on commentary were subjective but that they "do appreciate that over-talking can irritate our audience".
The BBC added that it hoped it had achieved "the right balance" across its coverage and was "of course sorry if on occasion you have not been satisfied".
Tim Henman and John McEnroe were among the ex-players commentating. Wimbledon was also involved in a piece of television history, when on 1 July the first official colour television broadcast took place in the UK.
Four hours live coverage of the Championships was shown on BBC Two, which was the first television channel in Europe to regularly broadcast in colour.
Footage of that historic match no longer survives, however, the Gentlemen's Final of that year is still held in the BBC archives because it was the first Gentlemen's Final transmitted in colour.
Beginning , all centre court matches are televised in 4K ultra-high-definition. A piece titled "A Sporting Occasion" is the traditional closing theme, though nowadays coverage typically ends either with a montage set to a popular song or with no music at all.
Mansfield also composed the piece "World Champion", used by NBC during intervals change-overs, set breaks, etc. Caroline Murphy was the presenter of the programme.
Live coverage was provided in the Irish language while they broadcast highlights in English at night. In , the network began carrying the Gentlemen's and Ladies' Singles Finals live.
Live coverage started early in the morning the US being a minimum of 5 hours behind the UK and continued well into the afternoon, interspersed with commentary and interviews from Bud Collins , whose tennis acumen and in famous patterned trousers were well known to tennis fans in the US.
From to , premium channel HBO carried weekday coverage of Wimbledon. Previously, weekday coverage in the United States was exclusively handled by ESPN2 during the tournament's first week.
Since the tournament, all live coverage, including the Finals, has been exclusively on ESPN and ESPN2, marking the second major tennis championship after the Australian Open available in the United States exclusively on pay television although taped highlights from the tournament are presented at weekend afternoons on sister network ABC.
In Mexico , the Televisa family of networks has aired Wimbledon since the early s. Presently, most weekend matches are broadcast through Canal 5 with the weekday matches broadcast on the Televisa Deportes Network.
As Mexico is six hours behind the U. Although Mexico had begun broadcasting in colour in , Wimbledon continued to air in black and white in Mexico until colour television came to the United Kingdom in In Brazil, SporTV has exclusive rights to the broadcast.
Although there are some exceptions, as in Denmark, where the Danish channel TV3 Sport and Viaplay, holds the rights to show Wimbledon until In the Netherlands Center Court is shown live on Eurosport 1 and all other courts are shown live on the Eurosport Player.
In Australia , the free-to-air Nine Network covered Wimbledon for almost 40 years but decided to drop their broadcast following the tournament, citing declining ratings and desire to use money saved to bid on other sports coverage.
In April , it was announced that the Seven Network , the host broadcaster of the Australian Open, along with its sister channel 7Two would broadcast the event from Pay television network Fox Sports Australia also covers the event.
In India and its Subcontinental region, it is broadcast on Star Sports. In their new channel, TVNZ Duke also free-to-air , carried an alternative to the main feed, including for example matches on outside courts involving New Zealand players.
Fox Sports Asia holds broadcasting rights across Southeast Asia. Most matches are also available for viewing through internet betting websites and other live streaming services, as television cameras are set up to provide continuous coverage on nearly all the courts.
The Gentlemen's Singles champion is presented with a silver gilt cup The trophy has been awarded since and bears the inscription: The actual trophy remains the property of the All England Club in their museum, so the champion receives a three-quarter size replica of the Cup bearing the names of all past Champions height The Ladies' Singles champion is presented with a sterling silver salver commonly known as the " Venus Rosewater Dish ", or simply the "Rosewater Dish".
The salver, which is The actual dish remains the property of the All England Club in their museum, so the champion receives a miniature replica bearing the names of all past Champions.
From to the replica was 8 inches in diameter, and since it has been a three-quarter size replica with a diameter of A trophy is awarded to each player in the Doubles pair, unlike the other Grand Slam tournaments where the winning Doubles duo shares a single trophy.
The runner-up in each event receives an inscribed silver plate. Prize money was first awarded in , the year that professional players were allowed to compete in the Championships for the first time.
Before , among grand slam tournaments, Wimbledon and the French Open awarded more prize money in men's events than in women's events.
In , Wimbledon changed this policy, awarding the same amounts per event category to both men and women. A further increase of 6. The bulk of the increases were given to players losing in earlier rounds.
Sergiy Stakhovsky , a member of the ATP Player Council and who was at the time ranked 68th, was among the most vocal in the push for higher pay for players who bow out in the earlier rounds.
In an interview Stakhovsky intimated that it is not uncommon for lower-ranked players to be in the negative, for certain tour events, if their results weren't stellar.
In , the total prize money rose by Ranking points for the ATP and WTA have varied at Wimbledon through the years but at present singles players receive the following points:.
Wimbledon had it all Friday in a day we won't soon forget. The epic matches before the marathon While Novak Djokovic and John Isner advanced to the semifinals with more ease, Wednesday's other two quarterfinal clashes Kevin Anderson versus Roger Federer, and Rafael Nadal versus Juan Martin del Potro were five-set epics fans won't forget.
Roger Federer was a point away from a tidy, straight-set victory over Kevin Anderson in the Wimbledon quarterfinals.
Then everything came apart. Despite an epic, five-set thriller to depose the defending champion, South Africa's Kevin Anderson is retaining a quiet focus to deliver two more Wimbledon victories.
It was all going swimmingly for Roger Federer, until it wasn't. The mean face, the shouts, the antics Read Manic Monday The second week of the fortnight kicked off with Manic Monday, when all remaining players in both draws were in action.
Missed any of the 16 matches across men's and women's singles on Monday at Wimbledon? We've got you covered with key moments and stats from every match.
Read First week of the fortnight With warm weather and World Cup fever serving as a backdrop, many top seeds on the women's side of the draw have suffered early exits during the first week of Wimbledon.
The draw-busting first week at Wimbledon has produced plenty of surprises and shockers. It's also reopening the heated debate over seedings at the Grand Slams.
Hsieh stuns Simona Halep in her own fashion. The making of a meltdown: Madison Keys' focus slipped towards Serena.
Caroline Wozniacki's roller-coaster career takes another turn after surprising second-round loss. Shining in the dark: Federer-Nadal final of took tennis to new heights.
Why it's time all the Grand Slams adopt the second shot clock Read Hamilton: England's penalty triumph breaks Wimbledon's World Cup resistance.
Wimbledon tournament schedule, scores and coverage d. Kvitova out of opening singles of Fed Cup final 33m. Kyrgios sought help for mental health struggles 2d ESPN.
Nadal cites health setback in ending season 4d. Serena Williams' coach expects big things from Stefanos Tsitsipas, and so should you 3d Simon Cambers.
Khachanov stuns Djokovic to win Paris Masters 5d. Khachanov stuns Djokovic in Paris 5d. Why could be Serena Williams' most impactful year yet 25d Alyssa Roenigk.
Serena's coach supports in-match coaching 22d. Serena Williams joins fight against breast cancer 38d. Wimbledon was my dream not starting a family 38d.
Courier out as U. Davis Cup captain 43d. Don't let anyone tell you otherwise: Laver Cup is serious business 45d Peter Bodo. Serena Williams frustrated with her coach as fall out continues 45d.
The Federer-Djokovic doubles combo a work in progress 49d Peter Bodo. Federer-Djokovic lose Laver Cup doubles match 48d.
McEnroe goes off on official during Kyrgios-Federer match 47d. Getting to the heart of Naomi Osaka's success 57d Aishwarya Kumar. Toray Open nearly as special as US Open 53d.
Davis Cup players neutral on controversial ump 57d. Del Potro 'never gave up' quest to return to US Open final 60d. Novak Djokovic has no plans to leave tennis' mountaintop 61d Peter Bodo.
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